My dear friend Gauguin
Thanks for writing to me again,1 my dear friend, and be assured that since my return I’ve thought about you every day. I only stayed in Paris for three days, and as the Parisian noise &c. made a pretty bad impression on me I judged it wise for my head to clear off to the countryside – otherwise I would have swiftly run round to your place. And it gives me enormous pleasure that you say that you liked the portrait of the Arlésienne based rigorously on your drawing.2 I tried to be respectfully faithful to your drawing while taking the liberty of interpreting through the medium of a colour the sober character and the style of the drawing in question.
It’s a synthesis of an Arlésienne if you like, as syntheses of Arlésiennes are rare, take it as a work by you and me, like a summary of our months of work together. To do it I, for my part, paid with another month of illness,3 but I also know that it’s a canvas that will be understood by you, me and just one or two others, as we’d like it to be understood. Here my friend Dr Gachet came to it completely after two, three hesitations and says: ‘how difficult it is to be simple’. Right – I’m going to emphasize the thing even more by etching it, that thing, then that’s enough. Whoever wants it can have it.4  1v:2
Have you also seen the olive trees? Now I have a portrait of Dr Gachet with the deeply sad expression of our time.5 If you like something like you were saying about your Christ in the Garden of Olives, not destined to be understood,6 but anyhow up to that point I follow you, and my brother clearly grasps this nuance.
I also have a cypress with a star from down there.

A last try – a night sky with a moon without brightness, the slender crescent barely emerging from the opaque projected shadow of the earth – a star with exaggerated brightness, if you like, a soft brightness of pink and green in the ultramarine sky where clouds run. Below, a road bordered by tall yellow canes behind which are the blue low Alpilles, an old inn with orange lighted windows and a very tall cypress, very straight, very dark.
On the road a yellow carriage harnessed to a white horse, and two late walkers.7 Very romantic if you like, but also ‘Provençal’ I think. I’ll probably make etchings of this one, and of other landscapes and subjects, reminiscences of Provence, then I’ll look forward to giving you an ensemble, a rather deliberate and studied summary. My brother says that Lauzet, who’s doing the lithographs after Monticelli, liked that head of the Arlésienne.8  1v:3
So you’ll understand that having arrived in Paris a little confused I haven’t yet seen any of your canvases. But soon I hope to return there for a few days. Very pleased to learn from your letter that you’re returning to Brittany with De Haan. It’s highly likely that – if you allow me – I’ll come for a month to join you there to do a seascape or two, but especially to see you and make the acquaintance of De Haan. Then we’ll try to do something deliberate and serious, as it would probably have become if we’d been able to continue down there.
Look, an idea which will perhaps suit you. I’m trying to do studies of wheat like this, however I can’t draw it –

nothing but ears, blue-green stems, long leaves like ribbons, green and pink by reflection, yellowing ears lightly bordered with pale pink due to the dusty flowering. A pink bindweed at the bottom wound around a stem. On it, on a very alive and yet tranquil background, I would like to paint portraits. It is greens of different quality, of the same value, in such a way as to form a green whole which would by its vibration make one think of the soft sound of the ears swaying in the breeze.9 It’s not at all easy as a colour scheme.


Br. 1990: 893 | CL: 643
From: Vincent van Gogh
To: Paul Gauguin
Date: Auvers-sur-Oise, on or about Tuesday, 17 June 1890

1. This was letter 884.
2. Marie Ginoux (‘The Arlésienne’) (F 542 / JH 1894 [2893]); see letter 884, n. 2. With regard to Gauguin’s drawing, , Madame Ginoux (study for ‘Night café, Arles’) [97], on which Van Gogh based the portrait, see letter 856, n. 4.
[2893] [97]
3. Van Gogh is referring to the attack he suffered on 22 February 1890; see letter 857, n. 1.
4. This plan to make an etching after the Arlésienne never materialized; the only etching Van Gogh made in Auvers was the one after the portrait of Dr Gachet (see n. 5).
5. Doctor Gachet (F 753 / JH 2007 [2916]).
6. For Gauguin’s Christ in the Garden of Olives [101], see letter 817, n. 10. In that letter Gauguin told Van Gogh that ‘this canvas isn’t destined to be understood’ (l. 49).
7. The letter sketch Road with a cypress and a star (F - / JH 1983) was made after the painting of the same name F 683 / JH 1982 [2907].
8. For Lauzet’s edition of Adolphe Monticelli, see letter 825, n. 7. Theo’s remark about the portrait could refer to either Lauzet or Gauguin; we assume, however, that he was referring to the latter (see letter 888, n. 7).
9. The letter sketch Ears of wheat was made after Ears of wheat (F 767 / JH 2034 [2925]). It is not known whether the sketch at the end of the letter, Ears of wheat (F - / JH -), was also made after a painting. Van Gogh painted two portraits against a background of wheat: Girl against a background of wheat (F 774 / JH 2053 [2933]) and Girl against a background of wheat (F 788 / JH 2055).
[2925] [2933] [933]